The “ENISA Foresight Cybersecurity Threats for 2030” study represents a comprehensive analysis and assessment of emerging cybersecurity threats projected for 2030. This report reassesses the previously identified top ten threats and respective trends whilst exploring the developments over the course of a year.

This collaborative work, carried out by European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA), has employed a structured and multidimensional methodology to assess, forecast, and prioritise potential threats, involving a combination of the Real-Time Delphi survey technique and a thematic workshop to ensure a thorough and validated review process.

The real-time Delphi survey, conducted online with the participation of 24 experts, led to the revision of the top ten cybersecurity threats, while the workshop focused on nine trends susceptible to change by 2030, with participants discussing the potential alterations and impact on cybersecurity.


The full report is available at this link.



Source: European Digital Skills & Jobs Platform


Digital technology / specialisation

  • Cybersecurity

Digital skill level

  • Advanced
  • Digital Expert

Geographic Scope - Country

  • European Union

Type of initiative

International initiative

Target audience

  • Digital skills for ICT professionals and other digital experts.

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